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【托福听力】记住这些「信号词」,快速定位答案出处!

2022-08-15 13:53:18 发布 来源:雷哥托福 阅读量:1927

听力大神们都知道:

其实听力材料的主题或形式不管如何变化,

需要记录的信息点都是相对固定的,

而这些信息点通常

又伴随着信号词的出现才出现


...

所以!

掌握住听力中的信号词,

就相当于把握住了听力的出题点。


今天就来为大家详细解读托福听力备考中学生们需要予以关注的三大关键信号词


image.png



解释说明类(Explanatory)信号词


常见的有同意替换和举例说明。同义替换常见的信号词有

  1. that is;

  2. namely;

  3. or rather;

  4. to be more exact;

  5. to put it another way;

  6. in other words;

  7. by definition;

在托福听力中,我们经常会听到进行定义介绍的说法如“it is called + 专有名词”, 或者“专有名词 refer(s) to …”。一般而言,这类专有名词术语某个特定的领域,如商业、教育学、考古学、地球科学。考生相对不太熟悉,因此这些信号词的前后内容能够增加考生对整体听力讲座的把握和主旨理解。




TPO 33 The Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt might be the most famous building in the world. We know exactly when it was built. Construction started in 2547 B.C.E., about 4500 years ago. We know who had it built. 
That was the pharaoh Khufu.We know who oversaw its construction—the pharaoh’s brother. We know so many things about it, but the funny thing is: we still don’t know exactly how it was built.




常见的举例信号词

  1. for example;

  2. just as;

  3. for instance,

通过举一些常见或者比较容易理解的例子,去解释某样事物或某个现象,使得其更加生动形象,通俗易懂。




TPO 42 Service Recovery
Professor: Oh, there are literally hundreds of examples. Service providers must of course constantly strive to meet customers needs. But, as in retail, 
their instances of service failure in which the customers dissatisfied, perhaps to the point not doing business with you anymore. Some service failures are beyond our organization and control, like computer mail function that leads to miss-deadlines






逻辑性信号词


如最常见的原因、对比、转折、并列等。
对于
原因信号词,考生可以尤为注意

  1. because (of);

  2. so;

  3. the reason why;

  4. since;

  5. as/for;

等类型的词或词组,考生在听到这些信号词的时候一定要注意听后面的解释,通过现象或定义看到问题的本质和根源,这才是考核的关键所在。




TPO 42 Service Recovery

But your customer is less concerned about this source of the failure than the solution. What you do about it? What sort of compensation, what service recovery you give? So, if you’re in the service industry, as a marketer, you always need some kind of service recovery plan. Your plan must in place before failure occurs, and it must also be communicated promptly to everyone in your organization who deals with customers, so they will know what to do.



细节信息类信号词


还有一大类也是高频出现的细节信息,就是数字、时间和人名地名这类信号词。但是尤其需要注意,不能光听数字和时间,更多的是要注意数字或时间背后所对应的内容和发生的事件,这在托福听力历史类篇章中,时间信号词对于整篇文章的时间逻辑顺序发展就显得格外重要人名和地名也是一样,要注意该人物的特点或经历,该地点发生的事件




TPO 6 Boom and Burst

Professor: Now when I mention the terms "boom and bust", what is that going to mind?
Student: The
 dotcom crash of the '90s.
Professor: Ok. The 
boom in the late 1990s when all those new Internet companies sprung up and then sold for huge amounts of money, then the bust around 2000…2001 when many of those same Internet companies went out of business.



图片1.png


- END -


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上一篇:托福听力信号词大总结,这样的list必须人手一份 下一篇:




雷哥托福>托福听力>【托福听力】记住这些「信号词」,快速定位答案出处!

【托福听力】记住这些「信号词」,快速定位答案出处!

2022-08-15 13:53:18 发布 来源: 雷哥托福 1927阅读

听力大神们都知道:

其实听力材料的主题或形式不管如何变化,

需要记录的信息点都是相对固定的,

而这些信息点通常

又伴随着信号词的出现才出现


...

所以!

掌握住听力中的信号词,

就相当于把握住了听力的出题点。


今天就来为大家详细解读托福听力备考中学生们需要予以关注的三大关键信号词


image.png



解释说明类(Explanatory)信号词


常见的有同意替换和举例说明。同义替换常见的信号词有

  1. that is;

  2. namely;

  3. or rather;

  4. to be more exact;

  5. to put it another way;

  6. in other words;

  7. by definition;

在托福听力中,我们经常会听到进行定义介绍的说法如“it is called + 专有名词”, 或者“专有名词 refer(s) to …”。一般而言,这类专有名词术语某个特定的领域,如商业、教育学、考古学、地球科学。考生相对不太熟悉,因此这些信号词的前后内容能够增加考生对整体听力讲座的把握和主旨理解。




TPO 33 The Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt might be the most famous building in the world. We know exactly when it was built. Construction started in 2547 B.C.E., about 4500 years ago. We know who had it built. 
That was the pharaoh Khufu.We know who oversaw its construction—the pharaoh’s brother. We know so many things about it, but the funny thing is: we still don’t know exactly how it was built.




常见的举例信号词

  1. for example;

  2. just as;

  3. for instance,

通过举一些常见或者比较容易理解的例子,去解释某样事物或某个现象,使得其更加生动形象,通俗易懂。




TPO 42 Service Recovery
Professor: Oh, there are literally hundreds of examples. Service providers must of course constantly strive to meet customers needs. But, as in retail, 
their instances of service failure in which the customers dissatisfied, perhaps to the point not doing business with you anymore. Some service failures are beyond our organization and control, like computer mail function that leads to miss-deadlines






逻辑性信号词


如最常见的原因、对比、转折、并列等。
对于
原因信号词,考生可以尤为注意

  1. because (of);

  2. so;

  3. the reason why;

  4. since;

  5. as/for;

等类型的词或词组,考生在听到这些信号词的时候一定要注意听后面的解释,通过现象或定义看到问题的本质和根源,这才是考核的关键所在。




TPO 42 Service Recovery

But your customer is less concerned about this source of the failure than the solution. What you do about it? What sort of compensation, what service recovery you give? So, if you’re in the service industry, as a marketer, you always need some kind of service recovery plan. Your plan must in place before failure occurs, and it must also be communicated promptly to everyone in your organization who deals with customers, so they will know what to do.



细节信息类信号词


还有一大类也是高频出现的细节信息,就是数字、时间和人名地名这类信号词。但是尤其需要注意,不能光听数字和时间,更多的是要注意数字或时间背后所对应的内容和发生的事件,这在托福听力历史类篇章中,时间信号词对于整篇文章的时间逻辑顺序发展就显得格外重要人名和地名也是一样,要注意该人物的特点或经历,该地点发生的事件




TPO 6 Boom and Burst

Professor: Now when I mention the terms "boom and bust", what is that going to mind?
Student: The
 dotcom crash of the '90s.
Professor: Ok. The 
boom in the late 1990s when all those new Internet companies sprung up and then sold for huge amounts of money, then the bust around 2000…2001 when many of those same Internet companies went out of business.



图片1.png


- END -


雷哥托福“高效冲分”课程不容错过!

集齐资深老师,为你量身打造提分计划!

一对一/小班课/面授班

定制你的个性化提分课程!


上一篇:托福听力信号词大总结,这样的list必须人手一份

下一篇:

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