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英['lɪs(ə)n] 美['lɪsn]
vi. 听,倾听;听从,听信
n. 听,倾听

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托福TPO26综合写作阅读+听力原文+满分范文

2018-12-19 12:29:32 发布 来源:雷哥托福 阅读量:2701

雷哥托福小托君给大家分享TPO1-33综合作文部分的阅读和听力文本全集与综合作文的满分作文,以及满分作文的解析。如果自己的托福综合作文分数如果可以很给力的话,就已经搞定了15分的分数,可以极大地缓解托福独立作文的压力。如何使用这个材料呢?

首先,就是在自己做托福TPO模考之后,可以根据这里面的听力的文本,来检验自己的听力内容是否抓的足够好,尤其是要看写的够不够全!很多时候,我们的综合作文之所以分低,就是因为听力写的不全!

第二点,也可以用于在托福考试前来做跟读,有不少托福考生跟小托君说,自己的口语实力不够,那么做跟读,仔细地来模仿ETS官方素材,是一个很好的提高自己口语的方式。毕竟托福口语最终考的,是口语本身说的是否足够流畅,要想在考试的时候说的很流畅,就是要在平时张口多说,只有多说,我们才能够做到足够的流利。

第三点,熟悉托福考试的专业词汇。不少托福考生之所以在听力考试里面不够给力,是因为对于里面的专业词汇不够熟悉。毕竟在托福考试过程中,如果核心词汇都不懂的话,那么在听力部分只能是束手就擒了。因此,各位托福考生可以通过这份综合写作的听力和阅读材料,来熟悉托福作文之中的专业词汇。

TPO26 综合写作听力+阅读原文

Reading

The zebra mussel, a freshwater shellfish native to Eastern Europe, has long been spreading out from its original habitats and has now reached parts of North America. There are reasons to believe that this invasion cannot be stopped and that it poses a serious threat to freshwater fish populations in all of North America.

First, the history of the zebra mussel's spread suggests that the invasion might be unstoppable. It is a prime example of an invasion made possible by human transportation. From the zebra mussel,s original habitats in Eastern Europe, ships helped spread it out along new canals built to connect Europe’s waterways. The mussel can attach itself to a ship’ s bottom or can survive in the water—called "ballast water"—that the ship needs to take on to properly balance its cargo. By the early nineteenth century, the mussel had spread to the whole of Europe. It was later carried to the east coast of North America in the ballast water of ships traveling from Europe. The way ships have spread the zebra mussel in the past strongly suggests that the species will soon colonize all of North America.

Moreover, once zebra mussels are carried to a new habitat, they can dominate it. They are a hardy species that does well under a variety of conditions, and they have a high rate of reproduction. Most important, however, zebra mussels often have no predators in their new habitats, and species without natural predators are likely to dominate their habitats.

Finally, zebra mussels are likely to cause a decline in the overall fish population in habitats where they become dominant. The mussels are plankton eaters, which means that they compete for food with many freshwater fish species.


Listening

Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about.

Professor

Contrary to what you just read, there are ways to control the zebra mussel's spread. What's more, it is not so clear that the mussel is a serious threat to fish populations.

True, the spread of zebra mussels couldn't be controlled in the past, but that's because people didn't have enough knowledge. In fact, there are effective ways to stop ships from carrying the mussels to new locations. Here's an example. The way zebra mussels usually travel across the ocean is that a ship takes on some fresh "ballast water" in Europe and then empties that water into American waterways when it arrives. Full of zebra mussels, but the ship can be required to empty out the freshwater and refill with ocean water while still out in the ocean. Salt water will kill the mussels.

Second, it's true that zebra mussels often don't have predators in their new habitats, but that's only in the beginning. What's been happening in Europe is that local aquatic birds sooner or later notice there's a new food source around and change their habits to exploit it. They switch from whatever they were eating before to eating zebra mussels. And birds can eat a lot of mussels. So zebra mussels aren't so likely to dominate their new habitats after all.

Finally, even in habitats where zebra mussels become dominant, is the overall fish population likely to decrease. It's true that zebra mussels may have a negative impact on fish that eat plankton. But on other fish, they can have a positive impact. For example, the mussels generate nutrients that are eaten by fish that feed near the bottom of the lake or river. So bottom-feeding fish populations may increase, even if plankton-eating fish population decrease.


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