Official51托福综合写作真题阅读与听力材料及参考范文【雷哥托福】2018-09-07 18:48:05 发布 来源：雷哥托福 阅读量:3566
Some companies in the United States have developed “wellness” programs that give rewards or incentives to employees for achieving certain health-related goals, such as stopping smoking or losing weight. The rewards and incentives include cash prizes, extra vacation days, or reduction of the employee’s portion of health insurance fees (in the United States, health insurance fees are usually shared between the employer and the employee). Several arguments have been put forward in favor of the incentive programs.
First, the awards and incentives are an excellent motivational tool for people to adopt healthy lifestyles. Many people would like to quit smoking or lose weight, but have difficulty getting started. The incentives provide the extra motivation they need. One study suggests that giving people a cash incentive significantly increases their chances of quitting smoking. And in another study, people who got cash incentives were more likely to lose weight than those who did not.
Second, the advocates of incentive programs argue that rewarding people who are willing to adopt healthier lifestyles is only being fair. People who exercise, eat healthy diets, and maintain a healthy weight, for example, are less likely to incur medical costs. Such people deserve to pay smaller health insurance fees or get more vacation days.
Third, although the wellness incentives cost a lot of money for companies, the incentives save companies money in the long term. Losses in employee productivity due to illness can be very expensive for employers; programs that help prevent health problems are cheap by comparison. For example, incentive programs have been shown to reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease. The cost of the incentives given by a company to its employees to maintain their health through prevention programs is much less than the financial losses to a company caused by employees missing work due to illness and hospitalization.
In the lecture, the professor is skeptical about the idea of the reading passage that Wellness Programs in United States bring lots of benefits to companies and employees. The professor argues that the program will not work.
Firstly, in the reading passage, the programs can become a motivational tool for people to lose weight and quit smoking, bringing much healthier lifestyle. On the contrary, the professor says that it may be an effective way to motivate employees in short term, but it cannot keep for a long period. Research shows that after several years, people are back to their bad habits.
Secondly, the professor opposes reading’s idea that employees will be more inclined to take exercises and have wholesome diets through the motivation of the Wellness Programs by stating that the program is not fair for every employee, because cases differ. Some who have to take care of their family or cope with chores do not have enough time to exercise, while some are just genetically fat.
Finally, the professor disapproves the reading’s idea that although the program might cost companies a great deal of money at beginning, it saves more compared to the spending for employees’ sickness. The professor points out that company might suffer great financial loss in long term, because many employees will not stay in one company forever.