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2019-2020年独立写作试题汇总+独立写作评分标准全解析,冲30分必看!

2020-11-12 15:39:07 发布 来源:雷哥托福微信公众号 阅读量:2833

最近更是有同学不约而同地向我提问:“老师 为什么我练了很久独立写作了可还是没有提高?”

 

好,针对这个疑问,我们要明白,为什么去练习,是想提升写作的分数。那么,你有认真地看过独立写作的评分标准吗,明白ETS想考察什么吗?

 


要求一

Effectively addresses the topic and task

文章要切题。独立写作出现整篇文章完全off track的情况还是比较少见的,但我在批阅同学们文章的时候会发现,一部分同学在展开文章的时候会出现论据偏离题目主旨的问题发生。

 

要求二

Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplification, and/or details.

这一要求是从文章整个的结构和内容两方面去衡量我们的文章。首先结构方面,文章是否按照议论文的基本文体去展开,条理是否清晰,论据是否充分。说到这里,经常会有同学对文章结构有这样的疑问:到底是写五段式好还是四段式?从评分标准我们可以发现,官方对段落的数量并没有硬性的规定。

 

要求三

Displays unity, progression, and coherence

unity :统一性,文章的各个段落都为主旨服务,再说小一点就是每个段落的拓展部分要为你的分论点服务。

Progression :渐进性,文章的逻辑链要环环相扣,不能出现断层问题。

Coherence :连贯性,简而言之就是能让读者看得懂,没有因看不懂而回看。所以为了使文章行云流水,除了使用逻辑连接词去使句子自然过渡,更重要的是语义的连贯性。

 

要求四

1. "displays consistent facility in the use of language"

2. "demonstrating syntactic variety"

3. "appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity"

4. "though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors"

 

第一点,评分标准说了我们的语言要表现出一致的能力

第二点,体现出句式的变换,注重各种句法的搭配使用来调味你的文章。

第三点,注意官方说的是恰当的词汇并不是高级的词汇,所以对于已经有一定词汇量基础的同学来说,并不需要刻意追求所谓的新奇词汇,但要注意避免同一个单词在文章中反复出现。

再说最后一个要求,应该是评分标准中最让人欣慰的一点了:官方允许我们在文章中出现少量的错误,但一定是在不影响对整篇文章的理解的前提下。

 


好了,独立写作的评分标准分析完后,我们要用什么方法来应对,才能获取到高分呢?


本篇攻略通过三个方面来告诉你:话题破解,段落展开,语言结构。

 

Part 1:话题破解

常常会有同学抱怨,三十分钟的时间,算上构思和动笔,根本就不够用。其实很多时候,写不完,完全是思路不够导致的。


我们所认为的打字慢和脑子转得慢其实就是因为对于话题没有产生那么多的共鸣,导致你就算怎么想,都是没有办法想出来适合写的内容的。


比方说说这两个话题的对比吧:

1、“Students nowadays have a harder time studying due to the development of technology”


2、“The government should put more effort in preserving old buildings instead of constructing new ones”。


第一个案例,是发生在我们生活中的,我们自然有很多话可以说。然而第二个案例,距离我们的日常生活很远,这就要求我们平时有足够的生活经验和例子储备。

 

Part 2:段落展开

很多同学都有纠结过一个问题:“我的(分)观点会不会太不合理了,是不是很容易被反驳或者存在漏洞?”


其实,托福作文在这方面容忍度比较高的,只要能够自圆其说或者说,拥有一定的“扯”的能力就好了。你可以反驳我的观点,但是你要在读完我的观点后觉得我说得有自己的道理和依据。这就是托福考官真的要看到的亮点。

 

Part 3:语言结构

面对这两篇文章,考官都会更想批改第二篇文章,原因如下:


1. 结构和分层

首先,考官和机器不一样,看到整洁文章的时候心里会敞亮很多,段落的结构更方便看出来也更省时间。


我们可以通过规范的段落格式来突出这一点:段落结束后,空一整行,然后顶头开始下一段的叙述。这是一个能够看出来你写作水准以及态度的一个细节,利于考官一眼看出你的结构和分层合理性。

2. 文章均衡性

很多同学如果有一段叙述内容偏多,一段叙述内容偏少的情况(开头和结尾不算在内)。这些会侧面反映出来你的文章规划能力的缺乏。


3. 逻辑推理词

作为段落的开头,逻辑顺序词如:First of all,Secondly,Moreover,Last but not the least等等,这些词虽然看似可有可无,却可以加强你文章的逻辑性。

 

4. 开头和结尾

一个好的开头能让考官认识到你知识面的广阔,让他眼前一亮:在表明自己的观点之前加上一些叙述时代背景的描述,运用当今很火的话题来引入到我们自己支持的观点上。我们很顺理成章地就转述了过来,一点也不突兀。



以上就是今天应对独立写作评分标准,给大家的托福独立写作提分攻略。为了帮助大家get高分,还有一份独立写作温馨小贴士送给同学们——


1.

独立写作最少要写300词,如果写不到300词,内容往往展开不充分,对分数会有很大影响。

 

此外,虽然独立写作没有字数上限,但是不要为了凑字数而写作。比起字数多少,更关键的是观点展开的质量和文字水平,一般建议考生写400词。

 

不用刻意练习打字,用24分钟写完400词,平均每个单词用时为3.75s。如果你写不完,往往是你大脑里面没有内容,不知道怎么展开;当然如果单纯因为英文写作练的少,打字慢,建议先练习10篇综合写作熟悉键盘。


2.

动笔之前,要将题干仔细阅读至少2遍,确保自己审题没有出现误差,避免跑题。

 

同时,可以在草稿纸上列出写作提纲,帮助自己确定文章框架。

 

尽可能在27分钟内完成文章的构思和写作,剩余的3分钟用于通读全文做检查,减少语法错误和拼写错误,这是提高最终写作分数的重要环节。


3.

独立写作建议采用总-分-总结构,文章分4-5个段落:第1段是开头段(60词),中间2-3个主体段(100词-150词),最后1段是结尾段(40词)。

 

其中,开头段和结尾段写作时间不建议超过8分钟,只需交代清楚自己的立场和概述分论点即可。中间主体段展开充分、逻辑连贯才是拿到高分的关键。


4.

独立写作建议在考前针对不同的题型(对比类、2选1、3选1)进行分类练习,每一类至少写作3篇。



最后,为了方便同学们练习,小编已经给同学们汇总好了2018-2020年的独立写作试题全集,想要的同学添加学习助手微信来领取!


加小助手微信回复【1920独立写作】领取

如果你有其它托福备考问题,也
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2019/01/05

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: scientists should only share their discoveries among themselves, and do not tell the governments and businesses?


2019/01/12

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It's better to travel to other countries when you are young than when you are older?


2019/01/13

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: students these days are more interested in politics than before?


2019/01/26

Usually people would need to identify weakness and improve after doing a presentation. Which of the following two ways do you think is better?

checking the video recording alone

asking your colleagues and classmates for comments


2019/02/23

Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

It's almost impossible for a teacher to be both helpful to students' academics and popular among students.


2019/02/24

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Colleges should require freshman students to take a class on how to study in college.


2019/03/03

Some schools are now trying to focus on the education of science and technology, so they are reducing the time they spend on teaching students art and music. Do you think it's a good decision for schools to do this?


2019/03/09

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: the most important problems we face today can be solved in our lifetime?


2019/03/16

Some people think that taking a long time to make a decision is a bad quality, while others think this is a good quality. Which one do you agree with?


2019/03/30

Some experts say that parents should limit their kids who are younger than 13 to less than 1 hour on their electronic devices. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?


2019/03/31

Your university is now planning to add some new facilities to your dormitories. Which of the following three choices do you think they should add?

Gym

Study room

Play space(like watching a movie)


2019/04/13

Some people claim that kids these days are spending too much time playing on technology like the computer, or smartphone. They say that kids would be better off if they play with simpler toys or play with their friends outside. Do you agree or disagree with this?


2019/04/14

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Students nowadays do not respect their teachers as much as students in the past?


2019/05/04

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The most important purpose of education is to teach people how to educate themselves?


2019/05/11

Some families let their older kids, when they are at home, take care of the younger kids. Do you think this is a good practice?


2019/05/18

Which is a more effective way of improving your relationship with your friends?

have fun with your friends

discuss problems with your friends


2019/05/19

Some people say that kids should work together when they are working on learning activities. Others say that kids should work alone. Which one do you agree with?


2019/05/26

Some people think that learning in a smaller class is better, while others think that learning in a bigger class is better. Which one do you agree with?


2019/06/01

Some people prefer traveling to popular destinations, while others prefer traveling to less popular places. Which do you prefer, and why?


2019/06/15

Some companies now have policies to prevent employees to receive work mails during weekends. Some say this will make employees feel happy, while others say this won't make any difference. Which one do you agree with?


2019/06/16

When you go to a city that you have never been to, and you have only limited time to get to know this city, which of the following three ways do you think is the best way to get to know this city?

Touring historic sites Going to shops and markets

Going to a cafe


2019/06/29

Which of the following ways do you think is the most effective in making students interested in learning?using technologydoing more group work

explaining to them about the relevance of this piece of knowledge to the real world


2019/07/06

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:For a business to be successful, people must spend a lot of money on advertising.


2019/07/07

Which one of the following values is the most important to share with a young child (5-10 years old)?

Being helpful Being honest Being well organized


2019/07/13

Suppose you work in a company, and your company now is considering renovation. Which of the following two things do you want the company to do?

redesigning the office

improving technology (computer, etc.)


2019/07/28

Some cities have rules that students between ages 5 and 10 should have no more than 30minutes' worth of homework every day. Do you agree with this?


2019/08/03 亚太

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: nowadays parents can learn more from their children than children can learn from their parents.


2019/08/03 北美

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Young people (12 - 18) these days behave badly more often than 50 years ago?

2019/08/10

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Schools should teach students how to do public speaking.


2019/08/24 上午

Some teachers now record what they are going to teach as videos and ask students to watch these videos before class, so that they can do more practice in class. Do you think this is a good idea?


2019/08/24 下午

Some people like to cook at home and eat at home, while others like to eat in a restaurant. Which do you prefer?


2019/08/26

Some people believe that the inventions that can give us the most significant improvements in life have already been invented. Do you agree?


2019/09/01

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Nowadays people can keep healthy much more easily than people in the past.


2019/09/07 上午

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

The most important quality for a politician is communication skills.


2019/09/07 下午

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

The most important quality for a politician is communication skills.


2019/09/21  上午

Now there is a piece of land available in your community. Some people say a quiet garden should be build where people cannot shout or have loud parties, while others say that they want to build a sports field for a nearby high school that doesn’t have its own sports field. Which one do you agree with?


2019/09/21 下午

Suppose you are in a foreign place and you feel homesick. Which of the following four ways do you think is the most useful for you to combat homesickness? 

Doing activities or eating foods that remind you of home.

Maintaining contact with people from home.

Trying activities or foods that are special in your new community.

Making friends in your new community.


2019/09/22

Now suppose there are some high tech companies that contribute a lot to the local economy but at the same time also generate a lot of pollution. Some people say these companies should be charged heavy taxes to help protect the environment, while others disagree. What do you think?


2019/10/12 上午

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

We have so much information these days that it's unnecessary to pay attention to information from the past.


2019/10/12 下午

Young people (14-18) have free time in the evenings and weekends. They can choose to do many things.  Which of the following three choices do you think is the most beneficial for these young people?

learning to play a musical instrument.

learning to do a sport.

gaining work experience in a part-time job or volunteering in a community.


2019/10/13 

Which of the following ways is the best way for students to make friends?

joining a sports team

attending community activities/volunteering

traveling


2019/10/19

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Kids (age 6 - 12) should be allowed to use digital devices for no more than 1 hour at school every day? Why or why not?


2019/10/26

Which of the following three ways do you think can most effectively help people get jobs?

Asking friends for help Sending letters to the companies you want to work for Checking hiring advertisements


2019/10/27

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

The rapid growth of cities in today’s world is mostly a positive development to the society. 


2019/11/02

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: We should not trust/listen to celebrity's view on politics?


2019/11/03

Now you can choose to take a class and you need to choose between the two following professors.

a professor who is very popular with students

a professor who just received a prize for his/her research

Which professor's class would you choose? Why?


2019/11/09 上午

Now many movies are based on books. Do you like to read the book before watching the movie, or do you like to watch the movie before reading the book?


2019/11/09 下午

Which of the following three ways of protecting the environment do you prefer to do:

walking or riding a bike instead of driving.

waste/garbage classification

buying organic vegetables grown without using chemicals


2019/11/10

Some people believe that parents should let their kids do homework or do social work after school, while others believe that parents should let kids do whatever they want. Which one do you agree with? Why?


2019/11/16

Some people prefer traditional classes where the professor lectures and students take notes. Others prefer classes where students do discussions and activities. Which one do you prefer? Why?


2019/11/17

Some people say that kids age 5 - 10 should be allowed to play outside once every hour, while others say that they should be allowed to play outside only during the noon break. Which one do you agree with, and why?


2019/12/01 上午

When giving feedback to people, some people to give negative comments first, and then give positive comments. Others prefer to give positive comments first and then negative ones. Which way do you think is better? Why?


2019/12/01 下午

When people donate money to charity foundations, should they decide who can receive this money, or should charity foundations decide this? Why?


2019/12/07

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: movies should have endings where good people are rewarded and bad people are punished?


2019/12/14

Some say that university students should take courses on foreign culture, while others disagree. Which one do you agree with, and why?


2019/12/21

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Governments should charge people money for driving into busy places like city centers during rush hours.



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    电话:400 1816 180

    地址:广州市天河区体育西路103号维多利广场B座26楼K15

    公交路线:11,18,20,230,278,293,45,583,669,886冼村路中站下。 194,40,777,778,90,观光2路花城广场路站下。

    地铁路线:乘坐地铁APM线至花城大道站下B口出,步行约500米即可到达保利威座大厦北塔。

  • 西安服务中心

    电话:400 1816 180

    地址:西安市莲湖区北大街西华门十字西南角78号嘉会广场C座4层B021号

    公交路线:4路、12路、26路、36路、37路、229路、游7钟楼北站;15路、16路、32路、102路、182路、236路、286路西华门站。

    地铁路线:地铁二号线钟楼站150米;地铁一号线/二号线北大街站700米。

  • 重庆服务中心

    电话:400 1816 180

    地址:重庆市渝中区邹容路68号大都会广场16楼1603-1604室

    公交路线:401、135、114、111、401、151、862、181、262、105、866、153、466

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  • 深圳服务中心

    电话:400 1816 180

    地址:深圳市罗湖区书城路都市名园B栋5楼B区(只接受预约拜访)

    公交路线:101路 10路 12路 203路 214路 215路 223路 29路 3路 85路 M112路 M191路 M192路 N3路 P100路(定制公交请预约) 高快巴士200号线 高快巴士20路 高快巴士863号线到地王大厦下,步行431米即可到达。

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