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托福写作中的插入语

2016-07-18 13:46:58 发布 来源:雷哥网托福 阅读量:2848

【插入语】

     英语插入语非常常见而且形式较多,几种常见用法:插入语是英语语法中的一个重要考点,它是指插在句子中的词语或句子,其位置比较灵活,通常被逗号、破折号或句子的其他部分隔开,与句子的其他部分之间没有语法上关系。插入语通常是对一句话的附加解释、说明或总结,有时表示说话人的态度和看法,有时起强调作用,有时是为了引起对方的注意,还可以起转移话题或说明原因的作用,也可以承上启下,使语句间的衔接更紧密。插入语通常与句中其它部分没有语法上的联系,将它删掉之后,句子结构仍然是完整的。

 

插入语的八种类别:

 

1. 副词(短语)作插入语


常见的有:indeedsurelyhoweverobviouslynaturallyluckilyhappilyfortunatelystrangelybrieflyactually altogether further besidessimilarlyexactlyespecially等。


举例如:

SurelyI will keep the secret for my whole life


Strangelyhe hasn’t written to me for half a year

 

2. 形容词(短语)作插入语


常见的有:strangesure enoughworse stilleven betterhard to saymost important of allworst of all等。


举例如:

Most important of alleach of us fulfilled our own task

 

3. 介词短语作插入语


常见的有:to one’s joyin a wordin shorton the contraryin other wordsin asome sensein generalin one’s viewopinionin conclusion in realityas a matter of factin a additionin turnin returnas a consequenceresult等。


举例如:

Never waste anythingand above allnever waste time


Theory begins with practice and in turn serves practice

 

4. 不定式短语作插入语


常见的有:to be frank to be short to tell you the truthto be honestto be sureto make the matter worseto beginstart with等。这些插入语表示说话人的态度,在句中作独立成分。


举例如:

To be surecommunity service can aid reemployment


5. 现在分词作插入语


常见短语有:generally speaking strictly speakingjudging frond byconsidering等。


举例如:

Judging from his agehe must be ill


Considering his agehe did very well

 

6. 分句作插入语


常作插入语的分句有:I think(我认为)I hope (我希望)I’m afraid(恐怕)What’s more(而且)What’s worse(更糟的是)You see (你清楚)等。


举例如:

You see, they didn’t trust me.


He will come on time, I think. (注意:这个句子如把插入语I think放在句首,它就成为主句,而后面的句子成为宾语从句成份,即:I think (that ) he will come on time.

 

7. 过去分词短语作插入语

Painted white, we like the house better. 漆成白色,我们更喜欢这房子。

注意:之所以称它为插入语,是由于这种过去分词是独立的,没有逻辑主语。

 

8. 用标点符号引导插入语


举例如:


He wasstrange as it seemsan excellent sportsman.

他(尽管还显得令人不解)是个出色的运动员。

He wasto me at least, if not to youa figure that was worth having pity on.

至少我觉得如此,即使你不这样认为,他是一个值得同情的人。

 

 文章例子:

 

Schooling and Education

 

It is commonly believed in United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.

Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a revered grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain predictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy on. (插入语)Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.

(插入语)Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. (插入语)Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. (插入语)The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that there not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.


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