关闭图标
log图标

toefl.viplgw.cn

  • 使用手机注册
  • 使用邮箱注册
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

已有账号? 登录到雷哥托福
关闭图标
log图标
  • 使用手机找回密码
  • 使用邮箱找回密码
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

又想起来了
加入生词本

listen

英['lɪs(ə)n] 美['lɪsn]
vi. 听,倾听;听从,听信
n. 听,倾听

已添加
×

我要举报草莓小菇凉评论

用户头像
草莓小菇凉:说的非常好,十分有道理,棒棒棒!

06-08 15:44:55

请选择举报类型:

举报电话:400 1816 180    举报QQ:2095453331
×
logo图标
分享到雷哥托福

分享成功图标分享成功

邀请名师点评成功,管理员正在安排老师进行点评。

继续做题 返回首页
支付雷豆失败图标 雷豆余额不足 购买雷豆 返回
报告题目错误
请选择错误类型:
请描述一下这个错误:

取消

TPO-06-Integrated Writing Task

阅读材料

Communal online encyclopedias represent one of the latest resources to be found on the Internet. They are in many respects like traditional printed encyclopedias collections of articles on various subjects. What is specific to these online encyclopedias, however, is that any Internet user can contribute a new article or make an editorial change in an existing one. As a result, the encyclopedia is authored by the whole community of Internet users. The idea might sound attractive, but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias. 


First, contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials, thereby making their contributions partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases. Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic rigor that nonspecialists cannot really achieve. 


Second, even if the original entry in the online encyclopedia is correct, the communal nature of these online encyclopedias gives unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers the opportunity to fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia. Once changes have been made to the original text, an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with. None of this is possible with a traditional encyclopedia. 


Third, the communal encyclopedias focus too frequently, and in too great a depth, on trivial and popular topics, which creates a false impression of what is important and what is not. A child doing research for a school project may discover that a major historical event receives as much attention in anonline encyclopedia as, say, a single long-running television program. The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude and contains a sense of proportion that online "democratic" communal encyclopedias do not. 


听力材料

00:00 / 00:00
原文

 The communal online encyclopedia wil! probably never be perfect, but that's a small price to pay for what it does offer.
 The criticisms in the reading are largely the result of prejudice against and ignorance about how far online encyclopedias have come.
 First, errors.
 It's hardly a fair criticism that encyclopedias online have errors.
 Traditional encyclopedias have never been close to perfectly accurate, if you are looking for a realty comprehensive reference work without any mistakes, you are not going to find it, on or off line.
 The real point is that it's easy for errors in factual material to be corrected in an online encyclopedia But with the printed and bound encyclopedia, the errors remain for decades.
 Second, hacking.
 Online encyclopedias have recognized the importance of protecting their articles from malicious hackers.
 One strategy they started using is to put the crucial facts in the articles that nobody disputes in a read-only format, which is a format that no one can make changes to.
 That way you are making sure that the crucial facts in the articles are reliable.
 Another strategy that's being used is to have special editors whose job is to monitor all changes made to the articles and eliminate those changes that are clearly malicious.
 Third, what's worth knowing about?
 The problem for traditional encyclopedias is that they have limited space, so they have to decide what's important and what's not.
 And in practice, the judgments of the group of academics that make these decfsions don't reflect the great range of interests that people really have.
 But space is definitely not an issue for online encyclopedias.
 The academic articles are stiii represented in online encyclopedias, but there can be a great variety of articles and topics that accurately reflect the great diversity of users' interests.
 The diversity of use in topics that online encyclopedias offer is one of their strongest advantages.

问题

Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose the specific points made in the reading passage.

  • 模范范文1
  • 模范范文2
  • 模范范文3
  • 阅读材料:

    Communal online encyclopedias represent one of the latest resources to be found on the Internet. They are in many respects like traditional printed encyciopedias, however, is that any internet user can contribute a new article or make an editorial change in an existing one. As a result, the encyclopedia is authored by the whole community of Internet users. The idea might sound attractive, but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias.

    交互式在线百科是互联网上新的资源模式。在线百科在诸多方面与传统纸质百科全书类似。但是在线百科同传统纸质百科不同的地方在于任何一个网民都可以创建或者编进词条。因而,可以说在线百科是由所有网民共同编辑的。这个想法听起来可能很不错,但是跟传统纸质百科全书相比,在线百科也因此具有了一些严重的问题。而这些问题将很大程度地削减在线百科的价值。

     

    First, contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials, thereby making their contributions partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases. Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic rigor that no specialists cannot really achieve.

    首先,在线百科信息的提供者往往缺乏学术资格,因为他们提供的信息很多时候不够完美,甚至是不够精确的。传统的百科全书是由受过良好训练的专家编撰的。这些专家符合严格的学术标准,而这一点是业余人士无论如何都达不到的。

     

    Second, even if the original entry in the online encyclopedia is correct, the communal nature of these online encyclopedias gives unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers the opportunity to fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia. Once changes have been made to the original text, an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with. None of this is possible with a traditional encyclopedia.

    第二,即使在线百科词条最初是正确的,但是其互动的特性允许一些无原则的用户,蓄意破坏的人以及黑客们伪造、删除和篡改条目。当原始的版本被篡改之后,那些对条目深信不疑的用户不能发现问题。而这样的情况是不会发生在传统百科全书中的。

     

    Third, the communal encyclopedias focus too frequently, and in too great a depth, on trivial and popular topics, which created a false impression of what is important and what is not. A child doing research for a school project may discover that a major historical event receives as much attention in an online encyclopedia as, say, a single long-running television program. The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude and contains a sense of proportion that online “democratic” communal encyclopedias do not.

    第三,在线互动百科对于绯闻和流行话题的关注过多过深,这一点使大家对孰轻孰重产生错觉。孩子可能会通过在线百科完成学校留的作业。这时,他可能会发现在线百科上面,重大的历史事件所受的关注度跟一档长线播出的电视节目是一样的。而在传统百科中,对于内容的取舍和均衡是非常注意的,而这一点在具有民主性的在线百科上是没有体现的。

     

    阅读观点提取:

    - Main point: 在线互动百科的缺陷种种

    - Sub point 1:最初创建的时候可能不准确

    - Sub point 2:即使初始是准确的,也可能会被篡改

    - Sub point 3:对于琐碎流行的内容关注过多

     

    听力材料:

    The communal online encyclopedia will probably never be perfect, but that’s a small price to pay for what it does offer. The criticisms in the reading are largely the result of prejudice against and ignorance about how far online encyclopedias have come.

    尽管在线互动百科永远都不会达到完美,但是总体看还是瑕不掩瑜的。阅读部分的批评更多是来自于偏见和对于在线百科发展进程的忽略。

     

    First, errors. It’s hardly a fair criticism that encyclopedias online have errors. Traditional encyclopedias have never been close to perfectly accurate. If you are looking for a really comprehensive reference work without any mistakes, you are not going to find it, on or off line.

    The real point is that it’s easy for errors in factual material to be corrected in an online encyclopedia. But with the printed and bound encyclopedia, the errors remain for decades.

    首先,关于错误。对于在线百科有错误的这种批评是很难令人信服的。传统的百科全书也很难做到完全精确。如果你渴望一个完全没有错误的综合参考书,你是不会找到的,无论是线上还是线下。而且事实上,在线百科上的事实性错误时很容易纠正的,而那些纸质的百科全书上的错误,确实数十年难有机会改正。

     

    Second, hacking. Online encyclopedias have recognized the importance of protecting their articles from malicious hackers. One strategy they started using is to put the crucial facts in the articles that nobody disputes in a read-only format, which is a format that no one can make changes to. That way you are making sure that the crucial facts in the articles are reliable. Another strategy that’s being used is to have special editors whose job is to monitor all changes made to the articles and eliminate those changes that are clearly malicious.

    第二,黑客篡改。在线百科意识到了保护条目不受黑客恶意篡改的重要性了。他们采取的策略之一是对于无争议的关键事实条目设置为只读模式,这样就没有人可以修改了。这样可以保证你相信条目里的关键事实是可以信赖的。另一个策略师设置专门的编辑来审查对于条目的修改,并删除那些恶意篡改的内容。

     

    Third, what’s worth knowing about? The problem for traditional encyclopedias is that they have limited space, so they have to decide what’s important and what’s not. And in practice, the judgments of the group of academics that make these decisions don’t reflect the great range of interest that people really have. But space is definitely not an issue for online encyclopedias. The academic articles are still represented in online encyclopedias, but there can be a great variety of articles and topics that accurately reflect the great diversity of users’ interests. The diversity of use

    in topics that online encyclopedias offer is one of their strongest advantages.

    第三,关于内容价值。传统百科全书由于受到空间的局限不得不决定哪些事重要的,哪些是次要的。然而,在实践中,是由学术团队的判断来决定的。这导致百科全书不能全部反应读者的兴趣和需求。但是对于在线百科来说,空间就不是问题。学术类条目在百科中存在的同时,还有很多种类的条目和内容用来满足用户多样性的偏好。在线百科在内容上的多样性是他们最大的优点。

     

    听力笔记内容:

    Main point: prejudice

    Sub point one: never, accurate, corrected

    Sub point two: read-only, monitor, eliminate

    Sub point three: limited space, don’t reflect, variety

     

    范文:

    The lecturer addresses each of the three criticisms of communal online encyclopedias mentioned in the reading passage. The lecturer admits that communal online encyclopedias, like any reference book, may contain errors, but she claims that these errors can be corrected much more easily and quickly than those printed in a paper encyclopedia. The reading passage, in contrast, points to the inaccuracy of information in online encyclopedias, presenting the argument that errors in these resources are due to lack of professional knowledge among contributors.

     

    The lecturer then gives two strategies that have been proven very effective in protecting online encyclopedias from malicious alteration. She explains that contents that consist of indisputable facts are stored and presented in a read-only format so that nobody can make changes to them. In addition, she says, there are specialists who constantly monitor contents online so that they can quickly remove a suspicious change once it is detected.

     

    The lecturer also challenges the final point in the reading regarding the nature of topics covered in online encyclopedias. She says that because of virtually unlimited space on the Internet, there is no need to worry about what is important enough for inclusion in an online encyclopedia.

    Moreover, the greater variety of topics in online encyclopedias more truly reflects the genuine interests of the general public, even if some of these topics are less serious or academic than those in traditional encyclopedias.

     

    模板整理:

    The lecturer addresses each of the three criticisms of ________________ mentioned in the reading passage. The lecturer admits that _____________, but she claims that______________. The reading passage, in contrast, points to_____________________, presenting the argument________________.

     

    The lecturer, then __________________. She explains that_________________. In addition, she says, ________________________. The lecturer also challenges the final point in the reading regarding the_______________________. She says that_________________.

     

    Moreover,…


    • ()
    • |
    • 评论(0)
    • |
    • 举报
  • 网友作文1
  • 网友作文2
  • 网友作文3
  • Communal online encyclopedias represent one of the latest resources to be found on the Internet. They are in many respects like traditional printed encyclopedias collections of articles on various subjects. What is specific to these online encyclopedias, however, is that any Internet user can contribute a new article or make an editorial change in an existing one. As a result, the encyclopedia is authored by the whole community of Internet users. The idea might sound attractive, but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias. First, contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials, thereby making their contributions partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases. Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic rigor that nonspecialists cannot really achieve. Second, even if the original entry in the online encyclopedia is correct, the communal nature of these online encyclopedias gives unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers the opportunity to fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia. Once changes have been made to the original text, an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with. None of this is possible with a traditional encyclopedia. Third, the communal encyclopedias focus too frequently, and in too great a depth, on trivial and popular topics, which creates a false impression of what is important and what is not. A child doing research for a school project may discover that a major historical event receives as much attention in anonline encyclopedia as, say, a single long-running television program. The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude and contains a sense of proportion that online "democratic" communal encyclopedias do not.

    • (0)
    • |
    • 评论(0)
    • |
    • 举报
  • The writer prefers the traditional,printed encyclopedias for the reasons that the communal online encyclopedias has some disadvantages,which is refuted by the listening in opposite argument. Firstly, the writers claims one of the weakness of the online encyclopedias is that it lacks academic credentials, leading it transform inaccurate information to the users.But according to the listening, it is wrong to think the wrong rate in the traditional resources is lower than in the online ones.Because errors in the online resources can be corrected easily, online encyclopedias have few mistake for a long time, while the mistake in the traditional, printed resources would remain for decades. Secondly, the author states that unscrupulous users are likely to commute some fabricate,delete,corrupt information, which will get bad response from the internet users.The speakers think the argument doesn't hold water since a special format that no one can change in the communal online encyclopedias makes the resources reliable.In addition, the editor whose work is to check the format makes the dangerous that mentioned in the writing unlikely. Thirdly, the reading criticize that the frequency of the online resource is so high that it may cause false impression in the public, leading them confuse about importance of things. Instead, the speakers appoint that the problem of the traditional encyclopedias is that limited space make it difficult to guarantee diversity, while online encyclopedias can achieve great variety,which led it accurate reflect users real interests.

    • (0)
    • |
    • 评论(0)
    • |
    • 举报

题目讨论

大家都在做

  • 【wos***3】

    刚刚完成了TPI-22的独立写作

雷哥托福微信

  • 微信公众号:toeflgo

    二维码
  • lorraine老师:Toefl12345

    二维码
查看详情图片

您已提交评论成功

确定

联系雷哥托福

全国免费咨询热线:400 1816 180

预约托福考试规划师