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TPO-02-Integrated Writing Task

阅读材料

In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. Having a team of people attack a project offers several advantages. First of all, a group of people has a wider range of knowledge,expertise, and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. Also, because of the numbers of people involved and the greater resources they possess, a group can work more quickly in response to the task assigned to it and can come up with highly creative solutions to problems and issues. Sometimes these creative solutions come about because a group is more likely to make risky decisions that an individual might not undertake. This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong.

Taking part in a group process can be very rewarding for members of the team. Team members who have a voice in making a decision will no doubt feel better about carrying out the work that is entailed by the decision than they might doing work that is imposed on them by others. Also, the individual team member has a much better chance to “shine”, to get his or her contributions and ideas not only recognized but recognized as highly significant, because a team’s overall results can be more far-reaching and have greater impact than what might have otherwise been possible for the person to accomplish or contribute working alone.

听力材料

00:00 / 00:00
原文

 Now I want to tell you about what one company found when it decided that it would turn over some of its new projects to teams of people, and make the team responsible for planning the projects and getting the work done.
 After about six months, the company took a look at how well the teams performed.
 On virtually every team, some members got almost a "free ride" ...they didn't contribute much at all, but if their team did a good job, they nevertheless benefited from the recognition the team got.
 And what about group members who worked especially well and who provided a lot of insight on problems and issues?
 Well ...the recognition for a job well done went to the group as a whole, no names were named.
 So it won't surprise you to learn that when the real contributors were asked how they felt about the group process, their attitude was just the opposite of what the reading predicts.
 Another finding was that some projects just didn't move very quickly.
 Why? Because it took so long to reach consensus; it took many, many meetings to build the agreement among group members about how they would move the project along.
 On the other hand, there were other instances where one or two people managed to become very influential over what their group did.
 Sometimes when those influencers said "That will never work" about an idea the group was developing, the idea was quickly dropped instead of being further discussed.
 And then there was another occasion when a couple influencers convinced the group that a plan of theirs was "highly creative."
 And even though some members tried to warn the rest of the group that the project was moving in directions that might not work, they were basically ignored by other group members.
 Can you guess the ending to this story?
 When the project failed, the blame was placed on all the members of the group.

问题

Summarise the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on specific points made reading passage.

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  • In the lecture, the speaker showed his standpoint about the teamwork. Primarily, the speaker provided a example of the team work. In a company, one project was given to a team, and afer three monthes, the manager of the company found that there are too many workers are just, free-rider. The process of project was just stpped and almost no one involved in the project and share resources which leads to a quick achievement. that's to say, every worker developed a lazy phychology which is interactively influenced others. In addition, the spesker also poined out that the project always be implemented by someone rather than everybody. Not every workers in the team has a wide range of knowledge, expertise, and skills as the reading said. In fact,only a few workers have a higher ability, who will contributed to the project most absolutely. However, the praise is owned by all of the team member. What an unfair issue it is! It is so ridiculous that a man who did almost no work but also get the reward. Furthermore, as a whole, one team need to have meeting frequently. However calling every team members to have a meeting together really wastes lots of time, everyone has their own business. And it is too difficult to get a generally agreed idea. It may be more inefficient when doing project in team. Besides, there is always a decision maker who control the whole project. When a preliminary decision was come up, he or she may give his or her opinion about it, may be agree or disagree. Needless to say, it is almost impossible to get an idea which is agreed by everyone. If this decision-make people make a decision which is perfect in his or her view rather than everyone's view, and unfortunatly it is not a good decision afer being practiced. The manager must criticize the whole team, though there still are some poor and powerless workers really disagree with this wrong decision.

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