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英['lɪs(ə)n] 美['lɪsn]
vi. 听,倾听;听从,听信
n. 听,倾听

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TPO-02-Question4

阅读材料

Social Interaction People deal with each other every day. This interaction is at the heart of social life. The study of social interaction is concerned with the influence people have over one another’s behavior. People take each other into account in their daily behavior and in fact, the very presence of others can affect behavior. For example, one principle of social interaction, audience effects, suggests that individuals’ work is affected by their knowledge that they are visible to others, that the presence of others tends to alter the way people behave or perform an activity.

听力材料

问题

Explain how the examples of tying shoes and learning to type demonstrate the principle of audience effects.

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    恩恩耶  发表于 07-24 15:35:23

    参考范文: Audience effects suggest that with the knowledge that they're being watched while working, people usually alter their behavior during their work. And the professor illustrates the principle with two studies that suggest this. In the first study, two groups of students were asked to put on shoes that they had to tie, one group being told later that they would be observed, while the other group being kept in dark. So when the researchers began to observe, they found that the group aware of the observation tied faster than the other group. This study shows how audience effects speed up people's action. While the second study suggests that when people are learning new things, with the awareness of being observed, they will not only accelerate, but also increase certain behavior pattern. For instance, when they learn to type, they'll type faster, but meanwhile make more mistakes. (141 words)

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    恩恩耶  发表于 07-24 15:35:21

    参考范文: Audience effects suggest that with the knowledge that they're being watched while working, people usually alter their behavior during their work. And the professor illustrates the principle with two studies that suggest this. In the first study, two groups of students were asked to put on shoes that they had to tie, one group being told later that they would be observed, while the other group being kept in dark. So when the researchers began to observe, they found that the group aware of the observation tied faster than the other group. This study shows how audience effects speed up people's action. While the second study suggests that when people are learning new things, with the awareness of being observed, they will not only accelerate, but also increase certain behavior pattern. For instance, when they learn to type, they'll type faster, but meanwhile make more mistakes. (141 words)

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模范答案

答题思路

这道题一般来说是大家最头疼的题目。
因为阅读很抽象题目很多时候两个单词都看不懂更多时候是看懂了也不知道
在说什么。
这道题记住一个原则
阅读的抽象概念和听力的具体事例是一一对应的,就是说,如果阅读说reference group 是指一帮子人我们很崇拜他们所以他们干嘛我们,就会去学他们干嘛听力中必然会出现具体的一帮子人我们对崇拜他们他们绝对会做一些具体的事情我们绝对会去学他们做这些事情。
听力中除了以上和阅读相关的,其他的信息不用听不用记。
回答:题目会要求用听力中的例子解释阅读定义
in the lecture, the professor.....
然后原则是听力中请出现阅读关键词,
比如这道题说完听力中出现具体的一帮子人我们很崇拜他们以后要说therefore, they became his REFERENCE GROUP。目的是让rater 知道你是真的听懂了听力和阅读之间的联系。

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