关闭图标
log图标

toefl.viplgw.cn

  • 使用手机注册
  • 使用邮箱注册
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

已有账号? 登录到雷哥托福
关闭图标
log图标
  • 使用手机找回密码
  • 使用邮箱找回密码
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

又想起来了
加入生词本

listen

英['lɪs(ə)n] 美['lɪsn]
vi. 听,倾听;听从,听信
n. 听,倾听

已添加
×

我要举报草莓小菇凉评论

用户头像
草莓小菇凉:说的非常好,十分有道理,棒棒棒!

06-08 15:44:55

请选择举报类型:

举报电话:400 1816 180    举报QQ:2095453331
×
logo图标
分享到雷哥托福

分享成功图标分享成功

邀请名师点评成功,管理员正在安排老师进行点评。

继续做题 返回首页
支付雷豆失败图标 雷豆余额不足 购买雷豆 返回
报告题目错误
请选择错误类型:
请描述一下这个错误:

取消

文章结构

TPO 28-L4 .Gonur-depe 点击收藏

标准

  • 高音
  • 静音
  • 句子
    精听
  • 全文
    精听
  • 听写
    模式
  • 点击查看本句

    听写本句 再播一遍 下一句
  • 点击查看全文

    再播一遍本文

    Listen to part of a lecture in an archaeology class.

    It's every archaeologist's dream to find a lost civilization, to make some huge discovery, to find artifacts no one else has laid a hand on in millennia.

    You might think that this never happens any more, given all the research in archaeology that's been done.

    But in the late twentieth century, archaeologists discovered the remains of a sophisticated people whose settlement might have been the hub of a civilization few people even thought existed.

    They found this site at the edge of a desert in Turkmenistan, in central Asia, where a series of mounds rise up from the plains.

    Now, you might remember because we've talked about this, archaeologists know that mounds such as these are the kinds of geological features that indicate the presence of ancient settlements. Jim?

    Um... mounds can be different things, right? Some are burial places…

    Exactly. And some are the remains of cities.

    The inhabitants would build houses and temples you know, what have you.

    And over time, those buildings would fall down or be torn down and then be built over.

    Over time, generations of building and rebuilding in the same area would result in a large hill the size of a city.

    Careful excavation and documentation of layers in a mound can reveal a wealth of information about the everyday life of people in a settlement over many periods of occupation.

    Now, this particular site is called Gonur-depe.

    What was found at Gonur-depe was amazing: the ruins of a huge palace complex, the foundations of shops and houses, the remains of thick walls and towers that fortified the city.

    There was even an elaborate canal system and a lot of very intricate jewelry.

    All these findings seem to indicate that they are the remains of an ancient civilization that was every bit as advanced as other more famous civilizations of the time, like those in Egypt, or, or China.

    And the site dates back to 3,000 B.C.E.

    Did they trade with those other civilizations?

    Because if they did, wouldn't there've been some evidence of that?

    You know, an artifact found in the ruins of other civilizations?

    That's a good question.

    I mentioned Jewelry, well, Jewelry have been found in Mesopotamia and at archaeological sites in modern-day Pakistan.

    But archaeologists didn't know where it came from.

    Only after the site at Gonur-depe was excavated were archaeologists able to identify it as coming from Gonur-depe.

    Uh, Sheryl?

    I wonder why nobody found this site before.

    Well, before the discovery of this site, it was commonly believed that central Asia had always been occupied by mostly nomadic people.

    So there would be no record of major settlements.

    A couple of small finds have been made in the area, but really, no one had looked very hard.

    Now, one mystery regarding this site is that archaeological records show it was inhabited for only a few centuries.

    What happened to the people who lived there?

    Well, the site was close to the Murgab river, which they would have depended on for their water.

    And the Murgab river, which runs toward the west, is the kind of river that shifts its course over time.

    So one theory is that the river's course shifted toward the South, and they simply followed it and built new towns to the South.

    Another theory is that they were involved in wars with neighboring settlements.

    But we might never know the truth.

    One thing we do know is that in the decades since Gonur-depe was discovered, the site has deteriorated significantly.

    I mean, it's been disturbed for the first time in millennia.

    And being exposed to the Sun and wind has taken its toll on the ancient city.

    So now the question is, do we partially restore and rebuild the site before the entire thing disintegrates?

    It will take a lot of funding to restore it and I am not sure it'll be made available, which would be a pity.

    Even a partly altered site can provide valuable information, which would be lost otherwise.

    • special
    ☞查看答案 再播一遍

联系雷哥托福

全国免费咨询热线:400 1816 180

预约托福考试规划师