关闭图标
log图标

toefl.viplgw.cn

  • 使用手机注册
  • 使用邮箱注册
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    用户名不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

已有账号? 登录到雷哥托福
关闭图标
log图标
  • 使用手机找回密码
  • 使用邮箱找回密码
  • 手机号不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

  • 邮箱不能为空!

    验证码不能为空!

    密码不能为空!

又想起来了
加入生词本

listen

英['lɪs(ə)n] 美['lɪsn]
vi. 听,倾听;听从,听信
n. 听,倾听

已添加
×

我要举报草莓小菇凉评论

用户头像
草莓小菇凉:说的非常好,十分有道理,棒棒棒!

06-08 15:44:55

请选择举报类型:

举报电话:400-6021-727    举报QQ:2095453331
×
logo图标
分享到雷哥托福

分享成功图标分享成功

邀请名师点评成功,管理员正在安排老师进行点评。

继续做题 返回首页
支付雷豆失败图标 雷豆余额不足 购买雷豆 返回
报告题目错误
请选择错误类型:
请描述一下这个错误:

取消

TPO 12 -Opera

试音图标
查看听力原文


Listen to part of a lecture in a music history class.The professor has been discussing Opera.

The word opera means work, actually it means works.It's the plural of the word opus from the Latin. And in Italian it refers in general to works of art.Opera Lyric or lyric of opera refers to what we think of as opera, the musical drama. Opera was commonplace in Italy for almost thousands of years before it became commercial as a venture.And during those years, several things happened - primarily linguistic or thematic and both involving secularization.

Musical drama started in the churches. It was an educational tool. It was used primarily as a vehicle for teaching religion and was generally presented in the Latin, the language of the Christian Church which had considerable influence in Italy at that time. But the language of everyday life was evolving in Europe and at a certain point in the middle ages it was really only merchants, Socratics and clergy who can deal with Latin.The vast majority of the population used their own regional vernacular in all aspects to their lives.And so in what is now Italy, operas quit being presented in Latin and started being presented in Italian.And once that happened, the themes of the opera presentations also started to change.  And musical drama moved from the church to the plaza right outside the church. And the themes again, the themes changed.And opera was no longer about teaching religion as it was about satire and about expressing the ideas of society your government without committing yourself to writing and risking imprisonment or persecution, or what have you. 

Opera, as we think of it, is of course a rather restive form.It is the melodious drama of ancient Greek theater, the term "melodious drama" being shortened eventually to "melodrama" because operas frequently are melodramatic, not to say unrealistic.  And the group that put the first operas together that we have today even were, well... it was a group of men that included Galileo's father Vincenzo, and they met in Florence he and a group of friends of the Count of Bardi and they formed what is called the Giovanni de' Bardi. And they took classical theater and reproduced it in the Renaissance's time. This... uh... ­this produced some of the operas that we have today.

Now what happened in the following centuries is very simple.Opera originated in Italy but was not confined to Italy any more than the Italians were.And so as the Italians migrated across Europe, they carried theater with them and opera specifically because it was an Italian form.What happened is that the major divide in opera that endures today took place.The French said opera auto reflect the rhythm and Kevin of dramatic literature, bearing in mind that we are talking about the golden age in French literature. And so the music was secondary, if you will, to the dramatic Kevin of language, to the way the rhythm of language was used to express feeling and used to add drama and of course as a result instead of arias or solos, which would come to dominated Italian opera.   The French relied on that what is the Italian called rechitative or recitative in English. The lyrics were spoken, frequently to the accompaniment of a harpsichord.

The French said you really cannot talk about real people who lived in opera and they relied on mythology to give them their characters and their plots, mythology, the past old traditions, the novels of chivalry or the epics of chivalry out of the middle Ages.The Italian said, no this is a great historical tool and what a better way to educate the public about Neo or Attalla or any number of people than to put them into a play they can see and listen to.The English appropriated opera after the French. Opera came late to England because all theaters, public theaters were closed, of course, during their civil war. And it wasn't until the restoration in 1660 that public theaters again opened and opera took off. The English made a major adjustment to opera and exported what they had done to opera back to Italy.So that you have this circle of musical influences - the Italians invented opera, the French adapted it, the English adopted it, and the Italians took it back.

It came to America late and was considered to elites for the general public.But Broadway musicals fulfilled a similar function for a great long while.George Champon wrote about opera, "If an extraterrestrial being or two appear before us and say, what is your society like, what is this Earth thing all about, you could do worse than take that creature to an opera." Because opera does, after all,  begin with a man and a woman and an emotion.

Question 1
What is the lecture mainly about?Click on 2 answers
核心词汇提示文字

网友解析

  • 用户头像

    十三个 发表于 2018-12-02 14:11:54

    正确答案:AC
    定位原文:
    Opera was commonplace in Italy for almost thousands of years before it became commercial as a venture. And during those years, several things happened primarily linguistic or thematic and both involving secularization.
    Musical drama started in the churches…
    Now what happened in the following centuries is very simple. Opera originated in Italy but was not confined to Italy any more than the Italians were. And so as the Italians migrated across Europe…
    解析:全文贯穿了两个部分,第一个部分是opera早期的一些演变;第二个部分是意大利音乐对这个欧洲的影响,所以是A和C两个选项。

    • (0)
    • |
    • 举报

题目讨论

  • 用户头像

    WHSY DHZ  发表于 12-25 17:51:09

    此题是一道主旨题。我们需要对全文有一个大致的了解再来去解题,全文都是关于歌剧的起源和变迁过程,讲座开头提到歌剧起源于意大利,因此歌剧在欧洲的传播过程就是意大利在音乐上对欧洲的影响,因此 AC 两项正确。

    • (0)
    • |
    • 回复(0)
    • |
    • 举报
  • 1
TPO 12-listen
马上开始精听

标题图标听力排行榜

  • 头像
    • TPO1
    • 笑同学
    • 得分:30分
    • 小图标初来乍到
  • 头像
    • TPO2
    • 得分:30分
    • 小图标初来乍到
  • 头像
    • TPO3
    • kristina6812
    • 得分:30分
    • 小图标初来乍到
  • 4 .alright 30分
  • 5 .cccoo 29分
  • 6 . 29分
  • 7 . 29分
  • 8 .lo 29分
  • 9 .835297wedec 29分
  • 10 .eugeniaXIA 29分
  • 11 .2095453331 29分
  • 12 .Illona_Li 29分
  • 13 .chaoyang 29分
  • 14 . 29分
  • 15 . 27分
  • 16 .木炎 27分
  • 17 . 27分
  • 18 .我是奥利奥 27分
  • 19 .wendyhjw 27分
  • 20 .你的小仙女. 27分
  • 21 . 27分
  • 22 .Oldlady 27分
  • 23 . 27分
  • 24 .Jacklyn 27分
  • 25 . 27分
  • 26 .小糖包 27分
  • 27 .怒考800分 27分
  • 28 .贝朵皮 27分
  • 29 .adojoqmd 26分
  • 30 .ricey 26分
  • 31 . 26分
  • 32 .DG 26分
  • 33 .abccccccc 26分
  • 34 . 26分
  • 35 .蓝莓大西瓜 26分
  • 36 .llll 26分
  • 37 .xietianyi 26分
  • 38 . 26分
  • 39 .LysaWei 26分
  • 40 .123456 26分
  • 41 .lkedx 26分
  • 42 .Biggie 26分
  • 43 .oUosgh 26分
  • 44 .Lunawhite0413 26分
  • 45 .麻辣小荔枝 26分
  • 46 . 26分
  • 47 .JasonFang 25分
  • 48 .lain 25分
  • 49 . 25分
  • 50 .toyota 25分
查看详情图片

联系雷哥托福

全国免费咨询热线:400-6021-727

预约托福考试规划师